Geography of Islamabad

Islamabad is situated at 33.43°N 73.04°E by the northern edge of Pothohar Plateau. Its elevation is 540 meters. Ghakar city that used to exist between Islamabad and Rawalpindi still exists. It is also called the twin city of Rawalpindi.

The city of Islamabad is stretched to an extent of 906 square kilometers. A 2,717 square kilometers of area is known as the “specified area”, within the Margala Hills. The southern part of the city is undulating plain. It drains to the Kurang River, where Rawal Dam is located.

Climate
The atmosphere of Islamabad has a muggy subtropical atmosphere , with five seasons: Winter (November–February), Spring (March and April), Rainy Monsoon (July and August), Summer (May and June) and Autumn (September and October). The most smoking month is June. The wettest month is July, with overwhelming rainfalls and night rainstorms with the likelihood of torrent and flooding. The coolest month is January. Islamabad's small scale atmosphere is controlled by three counterfeit supplies: Rawal, Simli, and Khanpur Dam. The last is situated on the Haro River close to the town of Khanpur, around 40 kilometers (25 mi) from Islamabad. Simli Dam is 30 kilometers (19 mi) north of Islamabad. 220 sections of land (89 ha) of the city comprises of Margalla Hills National Park. The temperatures range from 13 °C (55 °F) in January to 38 °C (100 °F) in June. The most elevated recorded temperature was 46.6 °C (115.9 °F) on 23 June 2005 while the least temperature was −6 °C (21.2 °F) on 17 January 1967. The city has recorded snowfall. On 23 July 2001, Islamabad got a record-breaking 620 mm (24 in) of precipitation in only 10 hours. It was the heaviest precipitation in Islamabad in the previous 100 years and the most astounding precipitation in 24 hours too.

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Demographics of Islamabad

Ethnicity and languages

Islamabad had an expected populace of around 1.67 million in 2011 which as per the evaluation of Population Census Organization will ascend to around 2 million in 2020. Urdu, the national dialect of the nation, is prevalently talked inside the city and in addition English. The first language of most of the populace is Punjabi, at 68% and the real vernacular is Pothohari tongue. 15% of the populace are Pashto speakers, 18% talk other languages. The aggregate transient populace of the city is 1 million, with the larger part (691,977) originating from Punjab. Around 210,614 of the relocated populace originated from Sindh and rest from Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Azad Kashmir. Littler populaces emigrated from Balochistan, Federally Administered Tribal Areas and Gilgit–Baltistan.

Religion

Islam is the biggest religion in the city, with 95.53% of the populace Muslim. In country zones this rate is 98.80%. Per 1998 enumeration in urban zones the rate of Muslims is 97.83%. more  

 Minorities

The second biggest religion is Christianity, with 4.07% of the populace, 0.94% in country zones and 5.70% in the city. Hinduism represents 0.02% of the populace, and different minorities 0.03%.

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History of Islamabad

During the independence, Karachi was selected as the capital of the Pakistan. Later in 1950s Ayub Khan decided that Islamabad should be the capital of the country. Karachi was very close to the Arabian Sea and it was prone to attacks from the sea in case of a war. Islamabad was not only very close to the army base in Rawalpindi, but it was also close to the Azad Kashmir as well.

Post Capital

After being changed to Capital, Islamabad saw a massive migration from other cities, mostly elite class, towards the capital. The newly built city was gaining much attention than before.

Islamabad Structure and List of Sectors and surroundings

Islamabad is saturated with stylish, historic, classic and modern sorts of building. The most historically old building that may come under view is Pharwala Fort besides Swaan River. It was built in 15th century by Mughal Emperor Babur and today it attracts a lot of visitors. Meanwhile in 2014, after the construction of Rawalpindi-Islamabad Metro Bus service, the quantity of domestic and foreign visitors has increased at a significant level. The level of importance is such that SAARC meetings also take place in Islamabad.

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Islamabad Map

Civic administration
The fundamental authoritative power of the city is the Islamabad Metropolitan Corporation (IMC) with some assistance from Capital Development Authority (CDA), which supervises the arranging, advancement, development, and organization of the city. Islamabad Capital Territory is isolated into eight zones: Administrative Zone, Commercial District, Educational Sector, Industrial Sector, Diplomatic Enclave, Residential Areas, Rural Areas and Green Area.
Islamabad/Rawalpindi Metropolitan Area
At the time when the ground breaking strategy for Islamabad took place in 1960, Islamabad and Rawalpindi, alongside the bordering zones, was to be coordinated to shape an extensive metropolitan zone called Islamabad/Rawalpindi Metropolitan Area. The region would comprise of the creating Islamabad, the old pioneer cantonment city of Rawalpindi, and Margalla Hills National Park, including encompassing rustic areas.[60][61] However, Islamabad city is a piece of the Islamabad Capital Territory, while Rawalpindi is a piece of Rawalpindi District, which is a piece of region of Punjab .
Architecture
Islamabad's architecture is a mix of advancement and old Islamic and provincial conventions. The Saudi-Pak Tower is a case of the mix of cutting edge engineering with customary styles. The beige-hued structure is trimmed with blue tile works in Islamic convention, and is one of Islamabad's tallest structures. Different case of interlaced Islamic and current design incorporate Pakistan Monument and Faisal Mosque. Other eminent structures are: Secretariat Complex planned by GioPonti, Prime Minister's secretariat taking into account Mughal engineering and the National Assembly by Edward Durell Stone.
Rawal Dam
Rawal Lake in Pakistan is a counterfeit reservoir that gives the water needs to the urban communities of Rawalpindi and Islamabad. Korang River besides some other little streams originating from Margalla Hills have been set to frame this simulated lake which covers a region of 8.8 km². Korang River is the outlet stream of Rawal Dam. Rawal Lake is situated inside a disengaged segment of the Village Malpur, Bani Gala and Margalla Hills National Park.
Marghalla Hills National Park
Margalla Hills National Park is a national park situated on the north of the Islamabad City, inside the Islamabad Capital Territory in Pakistan. The recreation center incorporates the Margalla Hills which frame's the foothills of the Himalayas, alongside Shakarparian Park and Rawal Lake.
Transportation
Road
Islamabad Highway is the principle supply route of the city which keeps running from Highway Chowk (G.T Road) till Zero point and is being changed into a sign free hallway. A patch of this Highway from Zero point till Faisal Mosque is known as Faisal Avenue.
M-2 Motorway is 367 km (228 mi) long and interface Islamabad and Lahore. M-1 Motorway associates Islamabad with Peshawar and is 155 km long. Islamabad is connected to Rawalpindi through the Faizabad Interchange, which has an everyday activity volume of around 48,000 vehicles.
Air
Islamabad is associated with significant goals around the globe through Benazir Bhutto International Airport, beforehand known as Islamabad International Airport.[101] The airplane terminal is the third biggest in Pakistan and is situated outside Islamabad, in Chaklala, Rawalpindi. In monetary year 2004–2005, more than 2.88 million travelers utilized Benazir Bhutto International Airport and 23,436 airplane developments were enlisted.
Metro Bus
The Rawalpindi-Islamabad Metrobus is a 24 km transport fast travel framework that serves the twin urban communities of Rawalpindi and Islamabad in Pakistan. It utilizes devoted transport paths for the greater part of its course covering 24 transport stations.

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Zone and Sectors in Islamabad

List Of Zones And Sectors In Islamabad
Zone 1:
I-8, I-9, I-10 , I-11 , I-12 , H-8 , H-9 , H-10 , H-11 , H-12 , H-13, H-14 , G-6 , G-7 , G-8 , G-9 , G-10 , G-11 , G-12 , G-13 , G-14 , F-6 , F-7 , F-8 , F-9 , F-10 , F-11 , F-12 , F-13 , F-14 , F-15 , E-7 , E-8 , E-11 , E-12 , E-13 , E-14 , E-15 , D-11 , D-12 , D-13 , D-14 , D-15 , D-16

ZONE 2:
Dhoke Sadumar , D-17 , E-16 , E-17 , F-15 , F-16 , F-17 , G-15 , G-16 , G-17 , H-15 , H-16 , H-17 , I-14 , I-15 , I-16 , I-17

ZONE 3:
Dhor Junit , Pakistan Railway , Kalanjar Gandhian , Shah Faisal Masjid, Sunjari, Sandhuri, Chak Jabbi, Dhalar, Gokina, Gokida , Daman A Koh ,Chak Nara , Sara , Budho , Shahdara , Mangial , Subben , Mandla , Kotbathial , Baroh , Chatter , Malachh , Kot Hathal , Barakao, Malpur , Muree Roa , Islamabad Sports Complex

ZONE 4:
Kuri, Muhrian , Ghorbaz , Naugazi , Jogiot , Homo , Tamma , Farash , Saknal , Thana Pan, Ali Pur , Pangran , Jhang Saiyidan , Tarlai Kalan , Khader Pur , Gurha Sardar , Dhok Bhangrial , Ziarat , Tarlai Khurd , Bura Bongial , Panwal , DHOK Farash , Lohi Bher , Pagh , Darkaia , Tarhal , Souro , Pind , Mohara , Bagwal , Sataha , Sihali , Kintion , Chonalo , Maira , Shahpur , Phulgran , Saknla , Dadiya , Dohala ,Betha , Athal ,Batagh: , Banni Galla , Mohara Nur , Rihara ,Lakhwal , Ghak Shahzad , Soti PARI , Chaper

ZONE 5:
Rakh , Balana, Channimistrian , Pondari Saiyidan , Charah Zemindarian , Pind Malkan , Sagga , Ari Saiyiadan , Chak Kamdal , Latniot Saiyidan , Darwala , Dhok Dhanyal , Thalib Kathal , Sher Dhamal, Jandain , Kangota Saiydan , Mohra Anne , Bhokar , Dhok Baswa , Dhok Mai Nwab , Saraj , Jawa , Burji Humak , Dhok Kanial , Gurha Shah, G.T Road , Toll Plaza , Mdhra Nagial , Dhokmughian, Khurnana, Dhok Kashmirrain , Riwat , Churki Mohra, Moho , Dhok Natha , Ghak , Sihala, Hundamal , Chuckhal , Kangota Gian , Chak Kamdal, Mughal , Saraj, Jawa , Burji

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